In the article, the social demand for legitimation of institutional world is revealed on the basis of formulation of deep understanding of social institute in the context of phenomenological tradition of knowledge. Through the methodological prism of the rationality concept taken in the wide spectrum of its meanings (as a mentality, reflectiveness et al.), the main understandings of the legitimation and the dominant factors of its realization are stated with regard to changes of philosophical paradigms (from ontological vision through mental one to linguistic approach).
The typology of the legitimation models in the philosophical-historical context is presented as a gradual transformation of the grounds of legitimation in the direction from the pre-reflexive condition (ontological-sacral type based on the dogmatic complexes of knowledge) to the reflexive one (formal-rational type) which go through further transformation in the frame of relevant approaches within post-modernist philosophical tradition which cultivates narrative potential of language games.
It is also stated that any historical type of society has the characteristic for it dominant (ideal) type and mechanism of legitimation: the archaic society presupposes mythological legitimating; the high culture society which remarkable feature is the institute of state is associated with religious legitimation; and the modern and post-modern societies need formal-rational legitimation.
Постійна адреса матеріалу
Тур Микола(2009).Поняття леґітимації: основні парадигми розуміння. Філософська думка, №5.с. 9-21.