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Профетизм модерної німецької філософії: К. Маркс і Е. Гусерль

Автор(и): Пролеєв Сергій
Тип матеріалу: Стаття
Мова публікації: українська
Випуск: 2009 №1
Сторінки: 125-133
The author explores the quasi-religious encroachment of Husserl's phenomenology that is gen­eralized in the notion of «prophetism». Modern philosophy demonstrates the following paradox: though it declares itself to be determined by scientific ideal, anyway, realization of this intention causes quasi-religious phe­nomena and effects. Obviously, the objective truth of thought is attained in order to make pos­sible the domination of prophetic spirit. This is the specific feature of German modern philos­ophy, specifically of Husserl's. The paper discusses Husserl's' analysis of the «crisis of European humankind» and his idea of the «spiritual Europe» (Vienna Speech, 1935). In order to make evident its specific commit­ment Husserl's position is compared with Marxist materialistic conception. This is rather help­ful in underlining the common logic of these two philosophies. The paper marks out the following elements constituting the prophetic position: primacy of idea over reality; reduction of reality to privileged ontological instance; radical disparagement of any other opinion as untrue; emancipation from untruth by way of soteriological practice; and defining true reality and legitimating one's own philosophy as the way to achieve it. Thus, both Husserl's phenomenology and Marx's materialistic understanding of history turn into the messiah able to rescue the world from the captivity of a deleterious existence. Thus philosophy becomes the propaganda of Weltanschauung.
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Як цитувати
Пролеєв Сергій (2009). Профетизм модерної німецької філософії: К. Маркс і Е. Гусерль . Філософська думка, №1. с. 125-133.