The article theme embraces the basic lines of the Modern theory of legitimation and aporias that are peculiar to this theory. The expression legitimus as well as the expression legalis are derivative from a Latin word lex. Firstly, these lexemes were used within the Roman law in the meaning «to correspond to the law». Both in Antiquity and in the Middle Ages the terms legitimacy and legality did not differ in their signification. The problem of legitimacy and legitimation has arisen as a product of the Reformation and the European revolutions of 17— 18th centuries. With the lapse of time, the legitimation became one of the basic concepts of the practical philosophy. The main characteristic of the Modern philosophy is the theory of immanent legitimation and negation (or a critical estimation) of the transcendental legitimation. However, the immanent legitimation contains a number of internal contradictions. It is well visible by way of example of Jurgen Habermas' philosophy which is the best project of the immanent legitimation in the second half of 20th century. The internal maladjustment of the immanent legitimation theory shows that we need to overcome limitation of this theory in order to get efficient justification of ours practices.
Постійна адреса матеріалу
Баумейстер Андрій(2009).Апорії модерної теорії леґітимації. Філософська думка, №5.с. 22-33.