The article is designated to estimate the potential of Ukrainian language for the creation of the new and activation of the old philosophical terminology in order to accomplish the first translation of Aristotle’s “Categories” in Ukrainian. The author treats peculiarities of original Aristotle’s vocabulary, its Latin interpretation made by Boethius and their Ukrainian analogues. The article includes a short introduction, where the history of Ukrainian translation of Aristotle is considered in brief, the observation of the mains metaphysical terms of Aristotelian logic (substance, subject, predicate, etc.) and of the categories themselves (quantity, quality, relation, etc.).