The humanities development under the Soviet power was hindered by the triangle party– security services—monopolistic doctrine. Most works written in that period were ritualized monologues, and the school of demagogy was the main scientific achievement handed down to new generations. Marxism is, first of all, the theoretical substantiation of terror. The red terror in a form of totalitarian system was a very verification of the theory by practice all over the world. In the period of the Soviet totalitarianism the humanities stopped to be a dialogue, particularly a civic one. It turned into a part of propagandistic machine of the Communist party; scientists acted the part of the “fighters of ideological front”. The resistance to such circumstances is the main indication of a true intellectual biography. It became apparent mainly in various forms of criticism, and rarely – in heroic actions. The book by M. Popovich The Red Century is cited as an example of many years' labour of comprehension of reality, of being in dialogue with anti-world, and liberation from dogmata.