The article gives a brief description of major developments in the philosophy of science beginning with significant transformation of the field in the mid 1990’s. These developments are grouped under the following headings: philosophies of special sciences, studies of experiment, cognitivism and naturalism in studies of scientific reasoning, «disunity of science». The author focuses on the philosophy of economics and the recent debates about the possibility of using an experiment in economics. From the prospect of the philosophy of science a remarkable fact about the new philosophy of specific scientific fields is its engagement in traditional philosophical topics from a new location. Contemporary philosophers of science still regard their traditional philosophical tools of conceptual analysis and the role of justification assessment important, but in close interaction with scientific work in particular disciplines.