Shevchenko is presented as a poet-thinker who operates with the words of metaphysical sense: Word, Fate, Will, Good, Truth, etc. They reflect mythological notions of broad strata of Ukrainian people which live in their language and oral folk poetry. Simultaneously these words evidence for the poet’s own personal world-view search, which is extremely complicated, painful and audacious. The question is in God-seeking and seeking for religious liberty, being urgent for the present time as well. Shevchenko’s metaphysics is a prism through which the poet observes and analyses socio-political reality. The real world is recreated by the poet through art deformations, being the peculiarities of Shevchenko’s poetics, the poetics of carnival in particular.