The round-table sitting was held on December 13, 2013 in Kyiv. The action was organized by Hr.S. Skovoroda Institute of Philosophy, Department of Philosophy at T. Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Department of Philosophy and Religion Science at the National University “Kyiv-Mohyla Academy”. The guests of the philosophical discussion were representatives of sociological and politological community as well as representatives of arts and media. The round-table subjects include such basic trends for the discussion: the phenomenon of intelligentsia: problem of cultural and historical demarcation; intelligentsia and/or intellectuals; collisions of modern identity and responsibility of Ukrainian intellectuals; intellectuals and modernization of the present Ukrainian society; principle of ”mental autonomy”; social “places of presence” of intellectuals: Ukrainian universities and science; intellectuals in the context of competition of various versions of the historical memory; role of intellectual community in strengthening moral priorities and values of the society; intellectual and authorities; potential of critical discourse in the present Ukrainian society.