The term, concept and science of the aesthetics emerged in the mid-18th century. Since then, the “problems of aesthetics” attracted attention and interest. And at the beginning of the 20th century aesthetics itself became a problem. The main reason for this is replacing the original meaning of aesthetics by other meanings, and by so other, that any attempt to reduce them to something one looks insufficient and unconvincing. The article deals with the original meaning of aesthetics, namely the understanding of aesthetics of its creator — Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten. The origin of aesthetics, its original intention, the process of replacing the original meaning of aesthetics by other meanings, as well as the value of the original project of aesthetics today are investigated.