A little known fragment of the history of philosophy in Ukraine of the early 20th century (1914-1919) is studied in the paper. That is the activity of the Kyiv Scientific-Philosophical Society (1914-1919), the professors of the St. Volodymyr Kyiv University being among its founders. Peculiarities of KSPS organization, its membership, program objectives and main ideas are analyzed in the context of the history of other philosophic societies in the Russian Empire of that time which had considerable influence on philosophy development within its borders. The author reveals the society significance as a special form of organization of the philosophic process. An extensive public dialogue between the instructors of the temporal and spiritual educational institutions, between philosophers and representatives of other fields of scientific knowledge became possible owing to this organization form.