The article deals with studying public discourse as an integrative factor and important element
in the evolution of institutions of deliberative democracy (also known as “consultative
democracy”, “discussion democracy”, “discourse democracy”) in today’s society. The author
presents both wide interpretation of the concept of “discourse” as speech practices,
and a more narrow understanding of the discourse as communication, in which problematic
claims for meaning and relevance become subject of discussion.
Discourse is analyzed as socially reflective form of clarification of problematic senses of
society. It is argued in the article that only those political practices, norms and institutions
are legitimate that have been based upon the discourse principle. Social content of the discourse
reveals itself in the institutionalization of the public discourse, which becomes a
regulative principle and social meta-institution of critical check of consensus, reached
through arguments, in different fields of society. As a regulative idea, the discourse presupposes
an equal participation of all people (including the next generations) in the process of
justification of social, legal and moral norms. It also presupposes an unhindered (without
coercion) agreement about the legitimacy of these norms. Therefore, the discourse principle
is a moral principle.
The author also discloses a contradictory nature of development of discoursive practices
and public sphere in Ukraine. He shows that in this country communicative action aimed
to achieve mutual understanding is often substituted with a strategic action aimed to attain
particularistic goals that creates a non-transparent quasi-reality of false communication,
hidden perlocutives and simulative democracy. At the same time, the article shows that in
today’s Ukrainian society, especially after the Revolution of Dignity, despite distortions and
deformations, genuine public sphere develops itself, and discoursive and argumentative
practices find their ways in the social development.
Постійна адреса матеріалу
Єрмоленко Анатолій(2016).Дискурс в архітектоніці мовної прагматики. Філософська думка, №4.с. 69-86.